Inequality – an unfair, unequal state of two or more entity. There are several kinds of inequality we have to deal with in our day-to-day affairs such as, social inequality, economic inequality, gender inequality, racial inequality, participation inequality etc.
Gender inequality refers to unequal treatment or perceptions of individuals based on their gender. It arises from differences in socially constructed gender roles.
‘Gender’ is a socio-cultural term referring socially defined roles and behaviors assigned to ‘males’ and ‘females’ in a given society; whereas, the term ‘sex’ is a biological and physiological phenomenon which defines man and woman. Thus, gender is a function of the power relationship between men and women.
Gender Inequality, in simple words, may be defined as discrimination against women based on their sex. Women are traditionally considered by the society as the weaker sex.
“We proud Indians of 21st century rejoice in celebrations when a boy is born, and if it is a girl, a muted or no celebrations is the norm. Love for a male child is so much so that from the times immemorial we are killing our daughters at birth or before birth, and if, fortunately, she is not killed we find various ways to discriminate against her throughout her life. Though our religious beliefs make women a goddess but we fail to recognize her as a human being first; we worship goddesses but we exploit girls. We are a society of people with double-standards as far as our attitude towards women is concerned; our thoughts and preaching are different than our actions.”
Gender inequality cannot be eliminated from society only by educating a girl child but by treating her as a complete human being, giving her equal rights, freedom, and respect in each and every sphere of life. Equality is not similarity, yet, a woman belongs to the same human race. Sexes are different but when it comes to gender, both must be treated equally. Only preventing a girl child from being killed in mom’s womb is not enough. We must carefully find out the reasons behind it, why she is a burden for her own parents that leads to such heinous act and work towards uprooting the cause permanently. Leave alone reaching the highest possible wisdom, we cannot expect any wisdom, anything humane where we have this level of discrimination that a child is killed before birth just because, she is a girl!! The growth of a society can take place only when each and every one is being understood, being expressed, being loved, cared and respected.
Instead of writing a separate post I am sharing the link which imparts a good idea on gender inequality in India. Please, click here to visit the page.
For the last post in this series click here.
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